top of page


RADAR Publications

Everson, M.D., (2021) "Do ethical standards apply to forensic interviewers?" APSAC Advisor, 33(1).

Everson, M.D., Snider, S. & Rodriguez, S. (2020), "Taking AIM: Advanced interview mapping for child forensic interviewers." APSAC Advisor, 31 (2)

Everson, M.D. & Rodriguez, S. (2020), "Why forensic balance should be recognized as a foundational best practice standard- A commentary on the state of child forensic interviewing." APSAC Advisor, 31 (2).

Everson, M.D., Snider, S., Rodriguez, S. & Ragsdale, C.(2020), "Why RADAR? Why now? An overview of RADAR child interview models." APSAC Advisor, 31 (2).

Everson, M.D., LeBlanc, S. & Homan, K. “Reducing Disclosure Failures in NICHD-based Forensic Interview Protocols” APSAC Colloquium, New Orleans, June 2018.

Everson, M.D. (2015). Child forensic interviewing: A 30-year perspective. Children’s Services Practice Notes. 20(2). Available at:

Snider, S. & Everson, M.D. (2011) What is my next question?  Using question framework to clarify children’s narrative accounts of abuse.  APSAC Advisor, 23 (4), 10 – 14.

RADAR Research in Progress

Research on RADAR is underway. We are examining disclosure patterns in a sample of 400+ RADAR forensic interviews conducted at a large metropolitan CAC. The sample includes both child sexual abuse and physical abuse cases.

The following is a sample of research used in the development and ongoing updates of RADAR models:

Brubacher, Sonja P.*, Roberts, Kim P.* and Powell, Martine (2012) Retrieval of episodic versus generic information : does the order of recall affect the amount and accuracy of details reported by children about repeated events?, Development psychology, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 111-122, American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. [C1]


Roberts, Kim P.*, Brubacher, Sonja P.*, Powell, Martine B. and Price, Heather L.* (2011) Practice narratives, in Lamb, Michael E.; La Rooy, David J.; Malloy, Lindsay C. and Katz, Carmit (eds), Children's testimony : a handbook of psychological research and forensic practice, pp. 129-145, Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, England 

Brubacher, Sonja P.*, Glisic, Una*, Roberts, Kim P.* and Powell, Martine (2011) Children's ability to recall unique aspects of one occurrence of a repeated event, Applied cognitive psychology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 351-358, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England


The use of ground rules in investigative interviews with children : a synthesis and call for research

Brubacher, Sonja P., Poole, Debra Ann and Dickinson, Jason J. 2015, The use of ground rules in investigative interviews with children : a synthesis and call for research, Developmental review, vol. 36, pp. 15-33,

Cordisco Steele, L. & National Children’s Advocacy Center. (2018). Continuous skill building for forensic interviewers: A research-to-practice summary. Huntsville, AL: National Children’s Advocacy Center.
Faller, K. (2007). Interviewing children about sexual abuse. New York: Oxford.

Lamb, M. E. (2016). Difficulties translating research on forensic interview practices to practitioners. American Psychologist, 71, 710-718.

Lamb, M. E., Hershkowitz, I., Sternberg. K., Boat, B. & Everson, M. (1996). Investigative interviews of alleged sexual abuse victims with and without anatomical dolls. Child Abuse and Neglect, 20, 1251-1259.

Lamb, M. E., Orbach, Y., Hershkowitz, I., Horowitz, D., & Abbott, C. (2017). Does the type of prompt affect the accuracy of information provided by alleged victims of abuse in forensic interviews? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 1117-1130.

Lamb, M. E., Sternberg, K. J., Orbach, Y., Esplin, P. W., & Mitchell, S. (2002). Is ongoing feedback necessary to maintain the quality of investigative interviews with allegedly abused children? Applied Developmental Science, 6, 35-41, doi: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0601_04.

Lyons, Tom - see Selected works at

Newlin, C. Cordisco Steele, L., Chamberlin, A., Anderson, J., Kenniston, J., Russell, A., Stewart, H., & Vaughan-Eden, V. (2015). Child forensic interviewing: Best practices. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, US Department of Justice.

Pear, T., & Wyath, S. (1914). The testimony of normal and mentally defective children. British Journal of Psychology, 3, 388–419.

Poole, D. A., & Lamb, M. E. (1998). Investigative interviews of children: A guide for helping Professionals. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Powell, M., & Snow, P. (2007). Guide to questioning children during the free-narrative phase of an investigative interview. Australian Psychologist, 42, 57-65.

Smith, R., Powell, M. B., & Lum, J. (2009). The relationship between job status, interviewing experience, gender, and police officers’ adherence to open-ended questions. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 14, 51-63.

Stolzenberg, S. N., and Lyon, T. D. (2015). Repeated self- and peer review leads to continuous improvement in child interviewing performance. Journal of Forensic Social Work, 5, 20- 28.

Walker, A. G., Kenniston, J. (2013). Handbook on questioning children: A linguistic perspective (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: ABA Center on Children and the Law.

bottom of page